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Göteborg: 5 July 2022

Tai Prize Case Highlights Difficulties for Masters over Bills of Lading, says The Swedish Club

The recent case of the Tai Prize has underlined how important it is for a Master to fully understand the implications of signing a bill of lading, says The Swedish Club. The Tai Prize ruling reiterates the legal principle that a Master must sign a bill of lading only if it accurately describes the condition of the cargo, irrespective of any commercial pressures he may be facing.

Whilst leading law firms will no doubt continue to explore the complexities surrounding this issue; the bottom line is that the brunt of the responsibility falls on the Master on the day.

photo of Torbjörn Claesson
Torbjörn Claesson, Senior Claims Executive, based in the Club's Team Sweden, explains: "The bill of lading is complex partially because of its simplicity. Often a decision made on the spur of the moment can have long-reaching legal implications. Because a bill of lading is so short, much of the law is found outside of the wording of the contract itself – often with as little as four clauses, compared with the many clauses to be found in a charterparty."

The Swedish Club supports its members in this area through a comprehensive set of Guides covering the most common issues with bills of lading. As a result of this ruling, the Club has made available to non-members the two relevant Guides: Practical Guide: Clausing bills of lading and 'In Focus: Clausing bills of lading'.

photo of pdf file

image of pdf file

The Club developed the Guides in response to requests from its members asking for further support in dealing with some of the practical and theoretical aspects of bills of lading. Despite their seeming simplicity, a bill of lading is still a contract, and the reality is that whilst there is a lot of information available, it is not always easy to find. Part of the issue is that much of the advice is found in legal textbooks, which may reach a restricted audience.  

The Practical Guides offer pragmatic solutions, identifying the simple steps needed to resolve a particular issue. Whilst designed to be of particular use to the Master, crew and the members' chartering and operations departments, they are also relevant to the claims team when they need a practical viewpoint.

The In Focus publications are more in-depth and reference case law where necessary, explaining why the law works as it does. This is especially useful for in-house counsel, claims team members, brokers, and those familiar with the law in general.

The full set of Bills of Lading Guides can be accessed by Club members via the new SCOL (Swedish Club Online) and was created in association with a number of leading law firms.


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For further information, please contact Debra Massey at +44 1296 682675 or email

Notes to Editors

The Swedish Club was founded by shipowners in 1872 and is today a leading and diversified mutual marine insurance company owned and controlled by its members. The Club writes Protection & Indemnity, Freight, Demurrage & Defence, Hull & Machinery, Hull Interests, Loss of Hire, War Risks, and any additional insurances required by shipowners or charterers. It also writes Hull & Machinery, War risks and Loss of Hire for Mobile Offshore Units and FPSOs. Its head office is in Gothenburg, Sweden, with branch offices in Piraeus, Oslo, London, Hong Kong, and Singapore.

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