Case Studies

Case Studies

As part of its commitment to improving safety at sea, The Swedish Club widely shares its claims experiences to help the shipping community to understand the factors that can lead to common incidents and to learn from the decisions that were made on board at the time.


TSC CasebookFollowing requests for more case studies, we have taken some of the most interesting and informative cases we have previously published across our loss prevention titles and combined them into a casebook which you can use to assist in crew training – both on board and in the classroom.

The cases cover P&I, and H&M claims on the most common types of vessels and represent situations that many seafarers may face during their careers.

You can also download the cases in this book separately; see the cases below.

(download pdf)


1. Cargo - bulk

Cargo - bulk1.1   Charcoal: Incorrect declaration caused charcoal fire
1.2   Coal: Severely burned in an onboard explosion
1.3   Coal: Indonesian coal self-ignited during discharge
1.4   Grains: Wet damage caused cargo loss
1.5   Grains: Incorrectly applied fumigation pellets caused explosion
1.6   Grains: Ship’s sweat caused cargo damage
1.7   Grains: Infested cargo
1.8   Soya beans: Discolouration 
   Soya beans: Poor condition when loading
1.10 Soya beans: Ship’s sweat caused cargo damage 
                                            1.11 Soya beans: Self-ignited after several months at anchor
                                            1.12 Steel: Cargo damaged by rain during loading
                                            1.13 Steel: Cargo rejected
                                            1.14 Steel: Concrete steel pipes damaged due to poor loading and unloading
                                            1.15 Urea: Caking of urea at the discharge port
                                            1.16 Urea: Contamination
                                            1.17 Explosion caused by fumigation                      

                                            (download pdf)

2. Cargo - containers

Cargo - containers

2.1   Reefer container: Damage to seafood
2.2   Reefer container: Damage to fresh produce
2.3   Reefer container: Meat damaged due to wrong temperature settings
2.4   Reefer container: Damage to various food products 

(download pdf)

3. Cargo - tankers 

Cargo - tankers

3.1   Hazardous chemical: Cargo contaminated cargo by tank coating

3.2   Petro: Naphtha was off spec
3.3   Vegetable oil: Crude palm oil was contaminated with palm kernel oil

(download pdf)

4. Collision/Contact

Collision/Contact4.1   Collision as the vessel was overtaken
4.2   Collision in restricted visibility when approaching a port
4.3   Collision in river
4.4   Collision in busy anchorage after grounding
4.5   Collision due to miscommunication when approaching a port
4.6   Collision in restricted visibility
4.7   Contact while berthing in river
4.8   Excessive speed when approaching berth

(download pdf)

5. Fire


5.1   Misdeclared container caused a fire
5.2    Floodlights caused cargo fire on bulk carrier
5.3    Hot work caused container fire

(download pdf)

6. Grounding

6.1   Grounding in unsurveyed waters
6.2   Grounding as channel buoys were in the wrong position
6.3   Grounding as the OOW missed waypoint
6.4   Grounding in heavy weather
6.5   Grounding at high speed
6.6   Grounding because of poor cooperation

(download pdf)

7. Hatch covers

Hatch covers

7.1   Leaking cargo hatch covers caused cargo damage
Crack in the cargo hatch cover caused wet damage

(download pdf)

8. Heavy weather

Heavy weather

8.1  Containers were lost in heavy weather because of stiff vessel

(download pdf)

9. Injury

9.1   Fatal fall from ladder
9.2   Lost balance while washing down caused serious injury
9.3   Injury during mooring operation

9.4   Fatal fall
9.5   Rescue boat accident
9.6   Severely burned crew 
member died

(download pdf)

10. Loss of anchor

Loss of anchor

10.1   Loss of anchor in heavy weather
10.2   At anchor during a typhoon resulting in a grounding and total loss

(download pdf)


11. Machinery failure

Machinery failure
11.1   Machinery failure caused by contamination
11.2   Maintenance job lead to flooding of the engine room
11.3   Machinery failure of the CPP caused heavy contact with the lock gate
11.4   Routine job in the engine room caused grounding
11.5   CPP caused vessel to strike the quay and crane

(download pdf)

12. Piracy


12.1   Piracy attack while waiting for berth

(download pdf)

13. Pollution


10.1 Corroded pipe caused oil spill

(download pdf)

14. Stowaways


14.1 Stowaways in the steering gear trunk 

(download pdf)



The TAIPEI grounding in Taiwan

(Film approx 4 min; click to enlarge.)
When the 168-metre long, 20,615 dwt container ship TS Taipei suffered engine failure in a strong storm and was blown aground 300 metres away from a scenic beach off Shimen, Taiwan, in March 2016, the stage was set for what could have been a costly and catastrophic outcome.

The efficient, cost-effective way The Swedish Club responded and dealt with the casualty earned industry recognition for a job well done.

 Read the article on the Taipei case (pages 18-21 in Triton No 1-2017)


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